Introducing

Niral 5G Core

overview

Niral 5G Core

Cloud-Native 5G core software for Mobility Management, Authentication, Session and Policy Management and Fastpath User plane for Private 5G deployment within Enterprise. It contains the 5G Network Functions – AMF, SMF, AUSF, UDM, NRF, UPF. The 5G core software is hosted on COTS server and run as bare-metal or VNF or CNF.

NiralOS Private 5G Specification

  • Release-16 compliant 5G Core for Private 5G Deployment
  • 5G Network Functions – UPF, AMF, SMF, AUSF, UDM, NRF
  • Kubernetes based Cloud-Native Network Function
  • DPDK + VPP based User Plane Acceleration
  • Support of N1, N2, N3, N4 and Service Based Interfaces for 5G SBA
  • 5G Core deployed on COTS HW of various form factor and integrated with 5G Radio
  • Kubernetes and virtualized, cloud agnostic edge platform to host 3rd party applications
  • Open APIs for integration of 3rd party application to Niral 5G Core and Edge platform
  • Web based dashboard for Subscriber Provisioning, Configuration and Management
  • Multi-tenanted Controller for 5G Core and Edge Infrastructure Management

NiralOS 5G Software is installed in the Enterprise Server or Appliance based on the use-case. It interfaces to the 5G radio in the South Bound using standard 3GPP Specification and connects to the MEC applications in the Northbound using IP Protocol.

Niral Private 5G UPF can interoperate with TSP’s Centralized 5G Core Control Plane using the PFCP interface and provide local breakout for in-premise Edge Applications for privacy, security and low latency.

Sectors

NiralOS 5Gaas can be deployed using 3 approaches

Private 5G managed by Enterprise

This deployment is similar to that of the OTT Services. OTT applications like Facebook, Netflix, AWS use the Telco network infrastructure for the connectivity but do not directly contribute to the telecom operator’s revenue. As per ABI Research, a rising number of enterprises are looking at deploying private on-premises cellular networks, with only very limited interaction with public cellular networks so that they can customize the network to the respective specific requirements regarding network performance and data integrity. The new initiatives in the spectrum allotment and the rising need of private cellular network within enterprises has led to the emergence of Private 5G Operator. The private 5G Operator can operate the private cellular network using unlicensed spectrum with technologies like MulteFire and NR-U or use shared spectrum like CBRS(Citizen’s Broadband Radio Spectrum) or UK Spectrum Sharing.

Private 5G Operators uses NiralOS Transport and Edge NOS within the Enterprise’s private Network. Niral Controller is deployed in the Public Cloud and the Enterprises can register to the private Operator’s 5GaaS portal to start managing their private network.

Private 5G Operator riding over the Top of Telecom Infrastructure

This private 5G deployment is done by the operator. The spectrum of the on-premise cellular network would be provided by the Operator. Private 5G deployment will open up new revenue opportunities for the entire telco industry. This network also has the advantage of smooth handover between the private Network and Operator’s Public Network.

Telecom Operators can use NiralOS based Disaggregated Cell Site Gateway (DCSG), DPI (Deep Packet Inspection) within their network. Telecom Operator also use NiralOS Transport and Edge NOS within the Enterprise’s Network Infrastructure. Niral Controller is deployed within the Telco Cloud and the Enterprises can register to the Operator’s 5GaaS portal to start managing their private network.

Private 5G Service provided by Telecom Operator

Bigger Enterprises may like to manage their private network and not be dependent on other operators. They can get possession of the spectrum on a localized basis from national regulators without the intervention of Telecom Operators. They can also use the unlicensed or shared spectrum in their private 5G Network.

Enterprises can use Niral Network and its partner consulting services for the Radio, Network Planning and its Solution Design. They can use NiralOS Transport and Edge NOS within the Enterprise’s private Network. Niral Controller is deployed within the Enterprise Private Cloud. Enterprises can start managing their private network using the NiralOS 5G portal.

KEY FEATURES

Niral Private 5G Infrastructure as a Service

  • 3GPP Compliance

    Release-16 compliant 5G Core with support of N1, N2, N3, N4 Interface and Service Based Interfaces for 5G SBA

  • 5G Control Plane

    Cloud-Native 5G Control Plane Functions AMF, SMF, AUSF, UDM, NRF for Mobility, Authentication, Policy Management

  • 5G User Plane

    DPDK + SRIOV + VPP based User Plane Acceleration of UPF for low latency, high bandwidth Private 5G deployment

  • Disaggregated

    5G Core deployed on commodity HW of various form factor and integrated with 5G gNB or O-RAN compliant radio

  • Local Breakout

    Integrates to TSP’s Centralized 5G Core Control Plane using the PFCP interface and provide local breakout using UPF

However, the last mile Internet connectivity has been a problem due to lack of appropriate technology to run Industry 4.0 application. Existing technologies like WIFI, LTE does not provide the determinism and flexibility required for real-time Industry 4.0 applications. Enterprises also has the challenge of over dependency on proprietary solutions from few Incumbent Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM). Proprietary solutions are inflexible, causes massive difficulties during upgrades or integration, and ultimately leads to higher cost.

Release 16 of 3GPP supports Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) for 5G, it will guarantee the determinism required for real-time Industry 4.0 application. And we believe that the deployment of private 5G Infrastructure within Enterprises will help to leapfrog the technology barrier for last mile Internet connectivity.

Niral Networks private 5G Network Infrastructure as a Service (5GaaS) is developed using its Open & Disaggregated Network Operating System called NiralOS. NiralOS provides an affordable, secured, and ultra-reliable wireless last mile Network connectivity within the Enterprises for Industry 4.0, Precision Agriculture, AGV applications.

Niral’s advantage is its openness, flexibility, and use of emerging technology like SDN, NFV, White box disaggregation. NiralOS is developed using open standards and curated open-source software that brings in the flexibility for customers to choose any off-the-shelf White box Hardware. It results in the democratization of network infrastructure and not be tied to the proprietary, closed systems. When NiralOS-based products are deployed, it frees up the customers from any type of vendor lock-in, creating unparalleled opportunities, including competitive pricing, more flexibility, faster innovation, and cost-effective scaling, which all ultimately have the potential to significantly reduce the cost.

Niral team recommends the Radio and White box HW options to its customers. Niral’s 5G Infrastructure Software is ZERO CAPEX and is available on a subscription plan. Customer can procure their choice of HW and choose the appropriate NiralOS subscription plan.

SOLUTION

Niral Private 5G as a Service

NiralOS Private 5G Software Stack contain 3 key components:

  1. 5G Core – Cloud-Native 5G core software for Mobility, Authentication, Security, Session and Policy Management. It contains the 5G Network Functions – AMF, SMF, AUSF, UDM, NRF, UPF. The 5G core software is deployed on COTS server as bare-metal or VNF or CNF.
  2. Edge Cloud– Kubernetes and virtualized edge infrastructure with open APIs to integrate and host 3rd party application like AR/VR, Robotics, Drones, AI/ML, Video analytics for low latency and privacy
  3. Controller – Provides centralized management, orchestration, zero touch provisioning and monitoring of 5G network functions and 3rd party edge applications. The controller can be hosted in the public cloud to centrally manage and monitor multiple private 5G Networks.
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